[[ Download ]] ➶ 論語 [Lún Yǔ] Author Confucius – Loufanet.info

論語 [Lún Yǔ] The Master said,It is only the most intelligent and the most stupid who are not susceptible to changeConfucius, The Analects, XVII.3I rarely re read books An exception to this rule are ethical or religious texts I love Meditations by Marcus Aurelius and will read this in dribs and drabs throughout the year The same is true of the New Testament, the Wisdom Books, Psalms, parts of the Book of Mormon, and the Analects I am drawn to some of the universal teachings in these books the Golden Rule seems to find a spot everywhere Anyway, I m still trying to avoid thinking too much about Trump by reading a book a day and so I figured this was a good time to read, again, the Analects I m working on a longer book so, I rely on the help of smaller books to keep me one my 1 per day pace I am not sure if I ve come across a translation I prefer, but I ve read several now Because I don t actually read Chinese, I m not I guess looking for the perfect translation I m looking for one that seems to dance with the right amount of poetry and truth I m getting closer and feel as I read the different translations I can circle around some of the truth of what was originally spoken without ever hearing the original text For example, consider the opening quote The Master said,There are only the wise of the highest class, and the stupid of the lowest class, who cannot be changed It s depressing to think that the teachings of Confucius constituted a religion in most of East Asia i.e they were wise sayings and stories of a great man from a certain time, that have been selectively reinterpreted by kings and heads of state, force fed to generations of schoolchildren in various eras as a substitute for original thought, and generally manipulated out of context to subjugate a nation into obedience over and over again.That s probably why many Chinese intellectuals and progressives who have not studied The Analects objectively, or perhaps cannot abhor Confucius and consider his teachings part of the machinery of imperialism and feudal tyrants.Note that my five star rating is not for The Analects per se, but specifically for the edition with Simon Leys excellent translation and notes see below for details.Three Things you need to know about Confucius 1 Though he is lauded as China s Supreme Teacher, his goal in life was to be a politician and he failed at that He basically believed he was the Hari Seldon of China witnessing the crumbling of the Zhou dynasty, his Heavenly mission was to revive the Duke of Zhou s grand design, restore the world order under a new ethical basis, and salvage the entire civilization That s why he educated and built up a cabinet of disciples around him in orde In a class taught by General George S Patton, IV at the George Washington University in the early 80 s, reflecting on his experience in Vietnam, he summarized the failure of US policy in SE Asia as a failure to understand the history and culture of the region.Years later as I prepared to deploy to Afghanistan it struck me that much of our formal education in my lifetime focused on European and Western philosophers and histories, only perpetuating the vicious cycle which the son of the famous World War II general observed.In the same sense that reading the Qur an helped me to gain a deeper understanding and appreciation of the Islamic currents that flow through Afghan and Central Asian culture Confucius provides context that helped in gaining an appreciation of the differences between Asian or Eastern and European or Western thought General Stanley McChrystal famously reported in a classified assessment leaked by Bob Woodward and the Washington Post in August 2009 that the US and our NATO allies had the wrong mindset for our operations in Afghanistan Would suggest that our focus on Plato, Aristotle and other European philosophers and their associated political, economic, and military theorists which suited us for combat and commerce in Europe and with Europeans should be balanced with study of Confucius and Asian philosophers if we hope to suc . There are two things that are commonly labeled philosophy The first is philosophy sensu strictu, which deals with technical problems in its various branches, such as epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, etc The other is what one could call a philosophy of life , a vague category that one encounters in religious texts, works of literature, poetry, and also intermingled with formal philosophy Confucianism, insofar as I understand it, mostly falls into the latter category.The Analects mainly takes the form of aphorisms that are interspersed in conversation between Confucius and his various disciples I suppose the closest parallel I can think of would be Marcus Aurelius s Meditations, although at times the Analects reads like the Gospels There are some fine maxims in here, but also many sections that are alternately baffling or boring Why must I wade through descriptions of the Master s clothing style There is no narrative or didactic drive to the book it just floats along from parable to aphorism, with no apparent connection If there were not some interesting quotes Confucius has a lot of wisdom Anyone who is serious about living life well would do well to read the Analects.Poignant Quotes If you try to guide the common people with coercive regulations and keep them in line with punishments, the common people will become evasive and will have no sense of shame If, however, you guide them with Virtue, and keep them in line by means of ritual, the people will have a sense of shame and will rectify themselves.Give your parents no cause for anxiety other than the possibility that they might fall ill.Both keeping past teachings alive and understanding the present someone able to do this is worthy of being a teacher.If you learn without thinking about what you have learned, you will be lost If you think without learning, however, you will fall into danger.This is wisdom to recognize what you know as what you know, and recognize what you do not know as what you do not know.When you see someone who is worthy, concentrate upon becoming their equal when you see someone who is unworthy, use this as an opportunity to look within yourself.People in ancient times were not eager to speak, because they would be ashamed if their actions did not measure up to their words.Zigong said, What I do not wish ot The political sayings of a Chinese master22 June 2011 While I have credited the writing of this work to Confucius, it was not actually written by him but rather by his disciples Thus Confucius joins Socrates and Jesus Christ of having an enormous influence upon the world without actually writing anything down though this is not correct, as I further outline below Further, like Jesus Christ and Socrates, the books are a record of his sayings though, unlike Jesus Christ, he did not perform any miracles, nor did he speak of salvation An interesting point, the phrase Confucius says appears only once in the book, most of the time his sayings are introduced with the phrase the master says Like Jesus and Socrates, these writings were collected years after his death, though it does appear that there are some books attributed to him, though there is no hard evidence that he actually wrote anything, though it might be best to suggest that we have no works authored by Confucius, only books attributed to him Further, since he was in politics for a time, it is than possible that he did write things, and bureaucratic writing does tend to lead to other literar You can t review the Analects But you can review editions of the Analects, and this one, translated and commented upon by Annping Chin, is one of the great editions of any philosophy book I ve ever come across The translation clear without being condescending, and Chin includes the Chinese text at the back of the book Her comments are fascinating best of all, she includes references to and quotes from the many traditional commentaries on the book, so you know not only what e.g one random American translator thinks about a given passage, but what one random American professor thinks about it and one to four of the best known Confucians and scholars of Confucius thought It s almost a history of Confucian thought and scholarship in itself E.g., in 6.22 Fan Chi asks about wisdom and humaneness We get information about who Fan Chi was, and learn that the Song statesman and general Fan Zhongyan, many centuries later, rephrased what Confucius says To be first in worrying about the world s worries and last to enjoy its pleasures is to be truly committed to public service Reading L N Y By Confucius Centrumpowypadkowe.co.uk Confucius Emphasized Morality, The Proprieties Correctness Of Social Relationships As Well As Justice And Sincerity A Major Goal Of His Conversations Was To Get His Disciples To Think Deeply For Themselves By Relentless Study Of The World Confucius Values Gained Prominence In China Over All Other Doctrines And, In Time, His Thoughts Were Developed Into A System Of Philosophy Known As Confucianism It Is Difficult For People Outside China To Realize Just How Great An Influence Confucius Has Had On Chinese Thought To This Day, Even In Communist China, There Are Temples To Confucius In Almost Every City And Every Year Spectacular Memorial Ceremonies Are Held Honoring Confucius And His Philosophy. One of the great classics of world literature Worth reading for the parts that still apply Confucius describes himself as a transmitter, not an originator The book may not contain any original sayings Its main philosophical idea is to avoid extremes That s also an ancient Greek idea One can do no better than to follow that precept In some places, the orifices of a corpse were plugged up to prevent the soul escaping and doing harm to the community In China, mortuary jades were used in the same way The currently accepted dates of the life of Confucius are 551 to 479 BCE Book I1 To learn and at due times to repeat what one has learnt, is that not after all a pleasure 3 Clever talk and a pretentious manner are seldom found in the Good.Book II 2 Let there be no evil in your thoughts 15 He who learns but does not think is lost 17 Yu, shall I teach you what knowledge is When you know a thing, to recognize that you know it, and when you do not know a thing, to recognize that you do not know it That is knowledge 18 Hear much, but maintain silence as regards doubtful points and be cautious in speaking of the rest

About the Author: Confucius

Confucius was a Chinese thinker and social philosopher, whose teachings and philosophy have deeply influenced Chinese, Korean, Japanese, and Vietnamese thought and life Born 551 BC Died 479 BC aged 71 72 Kong Zi Kong Fuzi Kung Fu Tzu

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